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The breed standard, approved September 11, 1990

disqualifies any dog over 6 pounds from the conformation

ring;

however, they can weigh up to 9 pounds or more.

 

One of the Chihuahua's most distinctive characteristics is its head,

which is well-rounded and referred to by breeders as an

"apple-dome" type skull.

In contrast, its muzzle is extraordinarily tiny in contrast.

Pink noses are sometimes found on blonde Chihuahuas.

 

Another distinctive physical feature of the Chihuahua is the ears:

large, held erect, and flaring to the sides at an angle of about 45 degrees,

the Chihuahua uses its ears to express a variety of emotions and responses.

 

The eyes, usually dark and luminous, are wide-set.

Again, blondes may have lighter eyes.

Tears are often produced in abundance to keep the large eyes

lubricated, and it is not unusual for tears to fly from a

Chihuahua's face when it shakes its head during play.

 

The back should be level and the rib-cage rounded.

Some Chihuahuas may actually have barrel-shaped rib-cages,

but professional breeders find this undesireable.

The hindquarters are muscular and thin.

 

The Chihuahua has stick-like legs and dainty feet.

 

The tail is longish carried either in a sickle fashion or in a loop

with the tip touching the back.

 

Finally, coat color: there are a variety of shades,

including brindle, blonde, black, brown, fawn, blue, and "splashed."

It is interesting to note that Mexico prefers the jet black with tan

markings, and the black and white spotted;

the United States overwhelmingly prefers the solid colors, especially fawn.

 

Chihuahuas Ė A Little Dog With Big Attitude

 

Chihuahuas , often called Chis (CHEE-s), are a lively dog breed

that adores human companionship.

These pint sized pooches are clever and chalk full of attitude.

They are very sweet and lovable, and are perfect for apartment living

as they require minimal exercise.

 

The Chihuahua makes the perfect pal for anyone

interested in a long-term companion.

They do require careful handling due to their fragile size,

and are not the best family dog.

Chihuahuas are known to be temperamental,

and for the most part are not friendly towards children.

 

 

History of Chihuahuas  

The Chihuahua is recognized as one of the oldest dog breeds.

Historical facts concerning the Cholula Pyramids and the Chichen

Itza ruins indicate that Chihuahuas have existed before the 16 th century.

It is said that the ancestors of the Chihuahua were the companions of

the ancient Toltecs during the 9 th century and were used for

religious reasons. Although it can not be determined when

Chihuahuas came into existence, it is believed that they

existed before the Mayans.

 

Despite time and origin doubts, it is clear that the Chihuahua,

dog owners have come to love today, originated in Mexico.

The ancestors of the Chihuahua were larger than current Chis,

and this is thought to be the result of breeding the original breed

known as Techichi with the Chinese Crested dog.

 

Chis were discovered by famous Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus,

who brought the breed to Europeís attention in the 1500ís.

However, it is interesting to note that Chihuahuas were not introduced

to North America until the 18 th century.

They were finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904.

The name Chihuahua was given to the breed because it was found in

the Mexican State of Chihuahua.

 

Chihuahua Basics

Chihuahuas are one of the smallest dog breeds,

and are apart of the Toy group.

They stand only 6-9 inches at the shoulders and weigh 2 Ė 4 pounds.

Chis make excellent companions and are extremely devoted to their owner.

They show plenty of affection towards their owner and will follow them

 everywhere.

 

Chihuahuas are one-person dogs.

They are known to establish a close, trusting relationship with one person,

and will be suspicious of everyone else.

For this reason, they donít make the best family pet.

 

Chihuahua ís do not require a lot of exercise,

which makes them ideal for small spaces.

However, they should still be taken for walks at least once a day

for 10-15 minutes to give them the exercise they need to keep

their muscles strong and prevent obesity.

 

Chihuahuas and Chi puppies do not get along well with children

under the age of 10.

It will not tolerate any form of teasing and wonít think twice

about snapping at children if it feels threatened or is annoyed.

As for other family pets, Chihuahuas tend to only get along well

with their own kind.

However, they can be accepting of other family pets

if they are raised with them from puppy hood.

Chihuahua ís make excellent watch dogs,

as they love to bark and are not overly accepting of strangers.

 

Chihuahua ís are a relatively clever breed,

but are not easy to train.

Furthermore, they can be quite temperamental,

jealous and territorial if given the chance.

For this reason, it is extremely important that Chis are

well socialized when puppies and training is pursued.

It is possible to raise a friendly Chihuahua if it is well socialized among people

as a puppy, but this does take time and needs your constant reinforcement.

 

Chihuahua ís shed, and come in two coat varieties:

short hair and long hair.

The short coat Chis are easy to groom, and can be brushed once a week

to keep their coat shiny.

Long coat Chis need daily brushing in order to keep their hair

free of mats and tangles.

 

Chihuahua ís are one of the longest living dog breeds,

and can live up to 18 years or more.

However, they are also prone to certain health problems

such as hypoglycemia and patellar luxation.

In addition, you should also know, that the skull of a Chihuahua

never fully develops, leaving a soft spot on their heads.

This spot is known as molera.

If a Chi is struck on the soft spot of their skull they could die

as this area is unprotected.

 

If you are a first time dog owner, or are looking for a

companion who will never leave your side and is good company,

Chihuahuas are the perfect breed for you.

Just remember that this breed needs your constant care and attention.

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